Article Abstract

Retrospective analysis of 45 cases of localized retroperitoneal Castleman disease from a single center

Authors: Jian-Qiang Tang, He-Kai Chen, Xin Wang, Ming-Yue Wang, Yan Xiong, He Wang, Yin-Mo Yang


Background: Castleman disease (CD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disease characterized by high heterogeneity in clinical manifestation and prognosis. This study aimed to summarize clinical features of localized retroperitoneal CD and our experiences to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
Methods: Clinical data of 45 patients with localized retroperitoneal CD were retrospectively analyzed. The differences in clinical features between groups with and without paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) were compared. Survival was analyzed between groups depending on whether complicating with PNP, bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), gender, age and uni-centric CD (UCD)/muti-centric CD (MCD), respectively.
Results: Significant differences were observed between patient groups in the prevalence of retroperitoneal CD with PNP complicated with BO (P=0.010), the constituent ratios of initial symptoms (P<0.001) and the duration from appearance of the initial symptoms to being diagnosed (P=0.009). Among 45 cases, 43 tumors had clear margins and intact envelops and were completely resected, 40 patients were cured or significantly relieved, 3 patients were not significantly relieved, 2 patients received palliative surgical therapy and eventually relapsed and died after surgery. There were significant differences in the survival rate between groups depending on complication with BO, gender and age (≤40 and >40 years) (all P<0.05).
Conclusions: Prompt and complete removal of the retroperitoneal CD tumor is critical to the management of this disease, as palliative resection tends to cause relapse and lead to a poor prognosis. Retroperitoneal CD patients with PNP may develop complications from BO leading to death. Complication with PNP, complication with BO, male gender and age ≥40 years were identified as prognostic risk factors for patients with localized retroperitoneal CD.

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