Article Abstract

Comparative long-term outcomes for pancreatic volume change, nutritional status, and incidence of new-onset diabetes between pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Authors: Bong Jun Kwak, Ho Joong Choi, Young Kyoung You, Dong Goo Kim, Tae Ho Hong

Abstract

Background: The difference in volume change in a pancreatic remnant according to the type of pancreaticoenterostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for long-term follow-up is unknown. Also, there are few studies that evaluate the difference in general nutritional status and pancreatic endocrine function, including new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) depending on the type of pancreaticoenterostomy. This study aimed to compare serial pancreatic volume changes in pancreatic remnants between pancreatogastrostomy (PG) and pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) after PD and to evaluate the difference in general nutritional status and incidence of NODM between PG and PJ.
Methods: This study enrolled 115 patients who had survived for more than three years after PD. They were divided into the PG group and the PJ group. Their clinicopathologic factors were collected and analyzed. We calculated serial pancreas volume and pancreatic duct size precisely from preoperative stage to five years after surgery by image-processing software specifically designed for navigation and visualization of multimodality and multidimensional images. Consecutive changes of albumin and body mass index (BMI) as related to general nutritional status were compared between the PG and PJ groups. To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of NODM following PD, subgroup analysis was performed in 88 patients who did not have diabetes preoperatively.
Results: Most patient demographics were not significantly different between the PG group (n=45) and PJ group (n=70). There was no significant difference in volume reduction between the groups from postoperative one month to five years (PG group −18.21±14.66 mL versus PJ group −14.43±13.05 mL, P=0.209). But there was a significant difference in increased pancreatic duct size between the groups from postoperative one month to five years (PG group 1.66±2.20 mm versus PJ group 0.54±1.54 mm, P=0.007). There was no significant difference in the increase of total serum albumin between the groups for five years after surgery (PG group 0.51±0.47 g/dL, 14.3% versus PJ group 0.42±0.60 g/dL, 11.3%, P=0.437). There was also no significant difference in BMI decrease between the groups (PG group −1.13±3.12, −4.9% versus PJ group −1.97±2.01, −8.7%, P=0.206). On the whole, NODM was diagnosed in 19 patients out of the 88 patients (21.6%) who did not have DM preoperatively. The incidence of NODM was not significantly different between the groups (PG group 21.6% versus PJ group 21.5%, P=0.995). In addition, pancreaticoenterostomy was not an independent risk factor for NODM by logistic regression analysis (odds ratio, 0.997, 95% CI: 0.356–0.2.788, P=0.995). No other risk factors for NODM were found.
Conclusions: PG and PJ following PD induced similar pancreatic volume reduction during long-term followup. There was no difference in general nutritional status or incidence of NODM between the groups after PD.

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